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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 70  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 146-150

Three-dimensional evaluation of maxillary sinuses in the Turkmen population, North of Iran


1 MSc in Anatomy, Department of Anatomical Science, Golestan University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Radiology, Department of Radiology, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Otorhinolaryngology, Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Professor of Embryology, Gorgan Congenital Malformations Research Center, Department of Anatomical Science, Golestan University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Mohammad Jafar Golalipour
Department of Anatomical Sciences, Gorgan Congenital Malformations Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JASI.JASI_92_19

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Introduction: Understanding the variation in the size and shape of the paranasal sinuses in detail is a clinically relevant matter for sinusitis patients. This study was performed to determine the right and left maxillary sinus dimensions by computed tomographic (CT) scan based on gender in the Turkmen ethnic groups in Gorgan, northern Iran. Material and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 100 Turkmen subjects (50 males and 50 females) aged 18–45 were measured with 2 mm and 3 mm slices in the coronal and Axial Planes by the CT scanner SOMATOM Emotion of the multi-slice from the SIEMENS model and using the “Syngo software Siemens.” Results: Maximum width, height, and volume of right and left maxillary sinuses in the Turkmen ethnic group were more in males than females (P < 0.05). In the right maxillary sinus; the mean maximum of width in males and females was 29.6 ± 4.91 mm and 26.53 ± 5.26 mm, respectively (P < 0.05). The mean maximum height in males and females was 40.5 ± 4.27 mm and 38.16 ± 5.96 mm, respectively (P < 0.05). In the left maxillary sinus, the mean maximum width in males and females was 29.61 ± 4.31 mm and 26.79 ± 5 mm, respectively (P < 0.05). The mean maximum height in males and females was 40.46 ± 4.55 mm and 38.03 ± 5.4 mm, respectively (P < 0.05). Discussion and Conclusion: Understanding the dimensions of the maxillary sinuses helps for better diagnosis and treatment of patients with maxillary sinuses diseases.


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